According to the most recent provisional data, 1,101 suicides were recorded in Quebec in 2013, corresponding to a rate of 13.3 deaths per 100,000 population. These data suggest that the decline in the suicide rate, which began in the early 2000s, seems to be fading. Preliminary data for 2014 do not suggest a drop in the suicide rate in Quebec. Thus, with the data currently available, the number of suicides is estimated at 1,110 for the year 2014.
In 2013, the number of deaths by suicide was 855 for men and 246 for women. The adjusted suicide rate was 20.7 deaths per 100,000 people for men and 6.1 deaths per 100,000 for women, a 3.4-fold higher suicide rate for men than for men. women.
Among men, for the 2011 to 2013 period, individuals aged 35 to 64 had the highest rates, while adolescents (15 to 19) had the lowest rate. Among women, the highest rate was observed among those aged 50 to 64 years. Women aged 65 and over and teenagers (15-19 years) had the lowest rate.
For the 2011-2013 period, three health regions had a significantly higher suicide rate than for Quebec as a whole. These are the regions of Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Mauricie and Center-du-Québec and Chaudière-Appalaches. The Montréal and Montérégie regions, for their part, had a significantly lower rate than the rest of Québec.
At the Canadian level, Quebec ranked third among the provinces with the highest suicide rate. At the international level, Quebec’s suicide rate ranks 9th among a selection of 22 member states of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).
(2016 update of the l’Institut national de santé publique du Québec)
Original document in French
Author(s): Gilles Légaré, Mathieu Gagné, Carolyne Alix, Paul-André Perron